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5 5

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Item # REY0111

Description

The science of speed.

Believe it or not, but some of us here have at Competitive Cyclist hold degrees in physics. And while we're no engineers, in a cycling world becoming more and more driven by complex science, it's helped us understand and interpret the aerodynamics du jour. Along these lines, we remember less than two years ago when a certain wheel maker proclaimed that airflow turbulence in the rim's boundary layer was not only beneficial, but the penultimate in drag reduction. The data made sense, and the resulting wheel worked flawlessly in comparison to the zeitgeist. So, you can understand our interest in a wheel that knowingly takes its cues from the complete opposite side of the aerodynamic spectrum. With the Reynolds 58 Aero, the principles of wheel aerodynamics are turned on their heads -- the impossible becomes possible and the game is forever changed.

Now, we're going to be forward -- the complexity of the Aero design is deep, but we'll walk through it together. To start, one needs to understand the prevalent ideology in aerodynamic wheel design, and to do so, we need to understand drag. What is it? Simply put, it's the restraining force that acts on the wheel when its direction of motion is counter to the free stream of airflow. Now, airflow near the surface of a wheel is turbulent by nature, and when it comes close to the rim surface, it becomes a turbulent boundary layer. This is the start of two kinds of drag, skin friction and pressure drag. Currently, wheel makers are attempting to harness the turbulent layer, reattaching it at the rear section of the rim. The reasoning behind this is that the system reduces pressure drag, but in return, the wheel sees gains in skin friction. However, this is viewed as a comprising trade off, as skin friction has around a ten-fold lower drag value than pressure drag.

To maximize this turbulent system, we've been seeing builders create a constant, rounded edge at the spoke face. For those attempting it, it's been viewed as a leap forward in design. However, Reynolds finds it to be counterintuitive. We'll explain. You see, the science of aerodynamics has developed almost as a case of supply and demand. As aviation technology develops, engineers are forced to develop more efficient airfoil designs, and these designs take the shape of what's called a NACA profile -- think of a stretched out tear drop shape. In recent years, though, some wheel designers have started to view the NACA profile as insufficient to the aerodynamics of wheels. The reasoning behind this is that while an airfoil only has what are called a leading and trailing edge, the rim's shape requires a trailing edge to double as a leading edge. Thus, we see the wide, rounded spoke faces of today. However, given that these systems rely on turbulence, Reynolds views this development as a step back from the proven designs of the airfoils that smooth turbulence. And this is just what the Aero 58 does with what Reynolds is calling, Dispersive Effect Termination (DET).

Starting at the rim bed, the Aero 58 features an ultra-wide maximum width of 26.2mm. As a clincher, this eliminates the drag-increasing balloon effect caused by a tire being wider than a rim. Now, the tire width matches the leading edge of the rim, creating less turbulence at the airflow's introduction to the wheel. The benefits to this design are fourfold -- it delivers an aerodynamic benefit, it increases lateral rigidity, it also increases comfort, and it decreases rolling resistance. Moving down to the spoke face, the Aero 58 is shaped in a NACA-profiled, tapered V-shape that ends with a sharp trailing edge. This is where Reynolds starts to challenge the status quo. Basically, the Aero's shape actually smooths airflow over the wheel, and when that air passes the spoke face, it's easily reattached at the rear of the rim. So, the Aero places a focus on mitigating turbulence, not accepting it. In fact, testing performed at the A2 Wind Tunnel shows the Aero experiencing less drag in watts at 30.75mph, at every conceivable yaw angle (0-18 degrees), than any offerings from Zipp, Enve, HED, and Easton.

So, with DET, drag is greatly reduced. However, Reynolds wasn't content with just this. In fact, Reynolds views the aerodynamic engineering of wheels as a four-part structure. 1) The wheel must be lightweight, yet structurally sound. 2) It must reduce turbulent airflow in order to create a low-drag system. 3) The aerodynamic efforts cannot compromise the steering and handling of the bike. 4) The wheel must generate an aerodynamic advantage from its lift-drag-ratio. Not surprisingly, one wheel rarely encompasses all of these traits. In fact, we find that article numbers Two and Three actually tend to contradict one another -- think of a disc wheel. However, at around 1580 grams, and with the lowest drag system on the market, the Aero 58 accomplishes all of the above harmoniously. But, to solidify this, let's get into requirements three and four.

This brings us to DET's most impressive characteristic, handling. In relation to the bearing, it's rare to have a real-world circumstance of a straight 180 degree head wind. In reality, you spend 95% of your riding time between 0 and 20 degrees of yaw with a wind angle anywhere from 0 to 100 degrees in relation to the bearing. Accordingly, DET places a focus at improving handling while side force is acting on the wheel. To do so, the DET rim shape pushes the center of pressure forward, beyond the center of mass (hub axle center), for a more stable steering force. For reference, the Firecrest's center of pressure is a little behind the center of mass. But, in the case of DET, the lift and drag vectors are accordingly shifted into a favorable position that extends the range of lift, and as a result, it delays aerodynamic stall (the point where the drag vector is larger than the lift vector) in order to achieve a larger 'sweet spot.' Why is this important? Well, it creates a more predictable sense of handling, conserves watts, and requires less steering force from the rider. Additionally, the DET shape prevents stall at angles before 20 degrees of yaw, while most competitor's offerings experienced stall between around 12.5 and 14 degrees of yaw. This means that the Aero's handling 'sweet spot' is extended to a window of 7.5 degrees higher than the competition. You'll also find that DET's center of pressure maximizes the forward thrust vector (a quantity that has direction and magnitude), while the rim shape increases lift and decreases turbulent flow. So, the effective lift-to-drag ratio creates a forward thrust that, basically, requires you to exert less watts to propel the wheel forward. Essentially, this system works almost like a turbine that feeds off of the wind.

With the Aero, Reynolds also addressed an all-too-common ailment to carbon wheels -- poor braking. The solution was found through the development of what Reynolds calls its Crynogenic Glass Transition Braking System (CTg). Essentially, this is a patented braking design that required both a redesign of the brake track laminate and pads. Accordingly, CTg uses a temperature-conductive laminate at the brake track's transition points that withstands higher levels of heat than typical carbon laminates (around a 100 degree dispersion). And when paired with Reynolds' polymer Cryo Blue brake pads, braking becomes more predictable and requires less finicky feathering on fast descents.

The Reynolds 58 Aero is available in the color Black with White labels and in a clincher configuration. Please note that the rear wheel is offered with either a Shimano or Campagnolo 11-speed freehub compatibility. Also, every wheelset includes two pairs of Reynolds Cryo Blue Brake Pads. Reynolds strongly recommends only using its proprietary pads, and the use of any other brake pads will result in a void of your warranty.

Tech Specs

Material:
[rims] carbon fiber
Rim Width:
[maximum width] 26.2 mm, [internal width] 15.5 mm
Rim Depth:
58 mm
Front Hub:
Custom DT Swiss
Front Hub Type:
quick-release
Rear Hub:
Custom DT Swiss
Rear Hub Type:
quick-release
Spoke Nipple Material:
alloy
Skewers:
included
Brake Compatibility:
caliper
Wheelbag:
yes
Complete Set Weight:
1580 g
Recommended Use:
road racing
Manufacturer Warranty:
2 years

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Reynolds 58 Aero - 2013

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Here's what others have to say...

4 5

Carbon for the Carbon Hater

  • Familiarity: I've put it through the wringer

I'm a typical racerboy. Give me a set of deep carbon clinchers, and I'll probably roll my eyes, take a deep breath, and expect to hate them. The Aero 58s from Reynolds may be deep carbon's saving grace, in my eyes. They gave me a set to try out last summer at a stage race in one of the windiest locales on Earth: Laramie, WY. You can read the in-depth review here: http://bit.ly/ZWxB07

Their behavior in brutal crosswinds was not only controlled, but I might even deign to describe it as mellow. Most high-profile wheels, even the latest-and-greatest with excessive accompanying marketing jargon and wind-tunnel testing, are still a compromise in wind. You'll still fight them like a tiger trying to turn you into lunch, albeit a slightly smaller tiger. Maybe a jaguar. Or a puma. But the Aeros? They're in a class of their own. There are no compromises here. If I hadn't seen the gorgeous unidirectional carbon fairing slicing through the air beneath me, I could have sworn I was riding a run-of-the-mill shallow OEM rim.

As far as the ride: You know the feeling - that bouncy, jarring ride in exchange for cutting through wind with excessive efficiency and seductive carbon fashion. The sensation of skittering out of a corner in a criterium because your wheels are so harsh is absent aboard the Aero 58s, perhaps partly owing to the larger tire profile afforded by the massive rim width. They absorb bumps like a standard alloy rim, yet accelerate with the thrill-inducing thrust reminiscent of your favorite sports car (or maybe just the old wheels you put on that ubiquitous auction site after riding the Aeros).

In any case, the Aero lineup is a very worthy addition to the crowded carbon clincher market, in my opinion - and one that might change a lot of minds. Would I buy a set? Probably not. I'll stick with dedicated shallow carbon tubulars and my aluminum Ardennes, but the Aeros are a confident offering as a "one set" quiver.

Carbon for the Carbon Hater
5 5

More stable than handbuilts

  • Familiarity: I've put it through the wringer

Having ridden a plethora of deeper-depth wheels, I'm all too familiar with the "getting blown around" feeling you ALWAYS get. It's a trade-off that is, often, worth the hours of white-knuckled riding. Enter the Aero series - the profile is a lot different than what most are using, but that's not really important. What's important is how amazingly stable these are in crosswinds, while cornering hard down mountain descents, and out of the saddle. They are straight-up unbelievable. Reynolds may have lost some of the sexy that was Reynolds a decade ago, but these more than make up for it.